Are Steroids illegal in new York (NY)

  • By: Dave Moffat
  • Date: December 7, 2023
Are Steroids illegal in new York (NY)

This article is going to dig into the tricky topic of anabolic steroids and whether they’re legal in New York. Anabolic steroids are man-made substances that are related to male hormones. They can be used for real medical reasons, but often people misuse them to do better in sports or to build muscles. Misusing these substances can lead to big health problems and isn’t fair.

It’s really important to understand how New York feels about steroids. This is because New York has a big say in what happens with national rules and it’s home to all kinds of people. Plus, with all the ongoing discussions about drugs and public health, this topic is super relevant right now.

The laws about steroids don’t just affect athletes and people who love fitness, but also doctors, police, and everyone else.

The Legality of Steroids in New York

In New York, it’s against the law to have anabolic steroids unless a doctor has given you a prescription for them. Anabolic steroids are listed as Schedule II substances under the New York State Public Health Law, Section 3306. This means that these substances can be easily misused and can cause serious physical and mental addiction.

If you’re caught with anabolic steroids in New York, you could be in big trouble. You could end up having to pay a lot of money or even go to jail. How bad the punishment is often depends on how much of the substance you have and if you’ve been in trouble for this before.

If you try to sell anabolic steroids, that’s a felony in New York. The punishments for this can be even worse, possibly leading to longer time in jail and bigger fines.

Taking anabolic steroids without a prescription is also against the law. If you misuse anabolic steroids, it can lead to big health problems. This includes damage to your liver, heart diseases, mood swings, and other mental health issues.

Remember, these laws and punishments aren’t just for professional athletes or bodybuilders. They apply to anyone who misuses these substances. The state has these strict rules to stop people from using anabolic steroids for non-medical reasons and to keep everyone healthy.

If you need exact legal advice or information, you should talk to a lawyer or look at the specific laws.

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The Consequences of Illegal Steroid Use

Health Risks Associated with Illegal Steroid Use

The misuse of anabolic steroids can lead to serious health complications. Cardiovascular problems like heart attacks and strokes are included in these. Liver damage and kidney problems are also included. Users may also experience severe mood swings, aggression, and other mental health problems.

Steroid misuse in males can cause testicle shrinkage and reduced sperm count. It can also lead to infertility, baldness, and breast development. Females who have excessive steroid intake may experience various side effects. These may include a deeper voice, increased body hair, changes in menstrual cycles, and even male-pattern baldness.

Legal Consequences for Those Caught Using or Dealing Steroids Illegally

In New York, like we said before, it’s against the law to have, use, or sell anabolic steroids unless you have a real prescription. The exact punishments can change depending on the details of each case, but they can be really serious.

For example, if you’re caught with anabolic steroids, it’s considered a misdemeanor, which could mean going to jail for up to a year. If you’re caught selling steroids, that’s a felony and could mean going to prison for up to seven years. Plus, these crimes usually come with big fines, and if you keep breaking the law, the punishments often get worse.

Keep in mind, these legal problems can really mess up your personal and professional life. Criminal charges can end up on your permanent record, making it harder to get a job, find a place to live, or even travel outside the country. It is crucial to understand the potential consequences of illegal steroid use. One must carefully consider the possible outcomes.

Case Studies

Using steroids illegally is not something new in New York. Many athletes, especially bodybuilders, use drugs to improve performance. However, these drugs are banned by professional sports organizations. Let’s look at some famous cases related to illegal steroid use in New York:

The Anthony Bosch and Biogenesis Clinic Case

Anthony Bosch was a well-known dealer of steroids in the world of sports. In 2013, his clinic Biogenesis became famous for giving steroids. They provided them to professional baseball players, including Alex Rodriguez. The New York Yankees and other athletes were also involved.

Evidence showed that Bosch gave banned substances to several players and coaches. In 2014, he had to go to prison for four years because he was distributing drugs that enhance performance.

Richard Rodriguez and Wellness Fitness & Nutrition 

Richard Rodriguez, founder of Wellness Fitness & Nutrition, distributed steroids and other PEDs in New York in 2018. He pleaded guilty to providing these substances to professional and amateur athletes. Rodriguez confessed to selling over 10,000 doses of PEDs. He sold steroids, human growth hormones, and insulin-like growth factors. Rodriguez was sentenced to three years in prison in 2019. 

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Both of the cases we talked about ended with the people who did wrong being punished. The Biogenesis scandal caused suspensions for many MLB players. Richard Rodriguez got arrested due to a DEA and NYPD investigation.

The DEA and NYPD worked hard. They showed New York won’t tolerate illegal steroid use. New York is particularly strict in professional sports.

Even so, despite the punishments and legal problems, illegal steroid use is still a problem in many sports groups. Because of this, there’s a need for more awareness, education, and efforts to stop this issue effectively.


It’s really important to understand the possible dangers and legal problems that can come from misusing steroids. Steroids can seriously harm your health by damaging the liver, causing heart disease, and disrupting hormones.

By going over the main points again, we can quickly remind ourselves of the dangers that come with using steroids. But, besides hurting your body, there are also legal problems you could face if you misuse these substances.

The legal problems could lead to criminal charges and big fines. So, before anyone thinks about using steroids, it’s important to know all the risks and legal issues that could happen if you misuse them.

Dave Moffat

Hi, I'm Dave Moffat the founder and Chief Editor of and certified International Personal Trainer and Certified Nutritionist. My passion has always been bodybuilding but with 15 years' experience in weight loss programs too, it's hard not to mention all that when you're working at your fitness level fullest (I hope). When Im not in the gym or spending time away from my family i often think about what advice would help others achieve theirs goals just like these inspired mine.