The Veiled Reality: Steroid Use Among Female CrossFit Athletes

  • By: Dave Moffat
  • Date: December 7, 2023
crossfit women on steroids

Welcome to our exploration of CrossFit. CrossFit is a high-energy sport that combines weightlifting, gymnastics, and intense exercises. It’s all packed into one complete workout.

What’s cool about CrossFit is its “Workout of the Day” (or WOD) idea. This means every day you’re doing different and challenging exercises. These high-energy workouts help people get better at lots of things, like breathing hard and getting stronger.

But, not everyone agrees on how intense CrossFit should be. Some people say that while it’s important to do a lot of exercises and do them often, they don’t always have to be super hard. Still, CrossFit is a favorite for people who love a tough workout. It’s often compared to HIIT (High-Intensity Interval Training), but they’re not exactly the same.

Since CrossFit started in 2003, it has grown really fast and is known as a “sport of fitness” because of its varied, high-energy exercises.

We will explore this exciting sport and discuss a not-so-fun aspect. It occurs in many sports, including CrossFit: the use of steroids.

So, get ready as we learn about the ups and downs of CrossFit as a super energetic sport.

Steroids in CrossFit: A Major Problem? 

Just like other sports, CrossFit has to deal with the problem of athletes using drugs to do better. The high-energy nature of CrossFit can make athletes think about using steroids. CrossFit also encourages a competitive spirit that fuels this desire.

Anabolic steroids are man-made versions of testosterone. Testosterone naturally occurs in guys. Steroids help muscles grow and get stronger, which can be helpful in a tough sport like CrossFit. Using them can lead to health problems like heart disease, liver damage, and mental health issues.

Even though there are strict rules for testing athletes, people still disagree about how common steroid use is in CrossFit. Athletes use sneaky ways to avoid getting caught, say some people. It’s more common than we think, according to those people. Others say that while some athletes do use steroids, it’s not as big a problem as people think.

But no matter what, the use of steroids in CrossFit and other sports is a big deal. When we watch these athletes do amazing things, it’s important to remember that doing things the right way matters. This is not only for keeping the sport fair but also for the health and safety of the athletes themselves.

What You Need to Know About Steroids

Steroids are a type of chemical that your body naturally makes. They are made up of four rings of atoms. Different kinds of steroids do different things in your body, and they can be hormones, help with inflammation, or even be vitamins. There are two main kinds of steroids: corticosteroids and anabolic steroids.

Corticosteroids are hormones. Your adrenal glands make them. The glands are small and on top of your kidneys. In your body, they do many things, like controlling swelling. They also calm down your immune system and help with stress.

Doctors sometimes give people medicine that has corticosteroids in it. These medicines work like the hormones your adrenal glands make. They can decrease swelling and calm down the immune system. These are useful for treating many health issues. They can help with asthma, allergies, and autoimmune diseases.

Anabolic steroids are synthetic substances. They are similar to testosterone, a hormone produced by males. They help muscles grow (anabolic effects) and lead to male traits like facial hair (androgenic effects). Sometimes athletes take these drugs to try to do better in sports or look stronger.

Using anabolic steroids incorrectly can lead to serious health issues. These include heart disease, liver damage, and mental health problems. Steroids can be used as medicine, but always with a doctor’s help.

The Demands of CrossFit

CrossFit is a super tough workout that asks a lot from athletes. It mixes strength training, heart-pumping exercises, and useful fitness activities. This puts a lot of pressure on the body, so athletes need to be really fit.

A big part of CrossFit is the “Workout of the Day,” or WOD. This can change a lot, which keeps the athletes’ bodies guessing. This mix helps athletes get good at lots of things, like strength, speed, balance, and being accurate.

Related Post  What do fats, steroids and waxes have in common?

When you do CrossFit, you often push your body to its limits. The workouts are so tough that your heart can beat more than 90% of its fastest possible rate. This shows how hard your heart is working during a workout.

CrossFit focuses a lot on high-energy, useful movements. These often involve many joints and muscles, so you need a lot of strength and coordination.

The muscles go through tough training which can cause exertional rhabdomyolysis (ER). This happens when muscle tissue breaks down really fast, causing severe muscle pain and weakness.

CrossFit workouts frequently involve weightlifting and gymnastics routines. These exercises require strong muscles, flexibility, and mobility.

Has Tia Claire Toomey taken steroids

The Allure of Performance-Enhancing Drugs

In the competitive world of CrossFit, athletes are always looking for ways to do better and get ahead. Some girl CrossFit athletes might think about using steroids to help them. Both boys and girls can use performance-boosting drugs. It’s important to understand why some girls choose steroids.

One big reason is the wish for more strength and bigger muscles. Anabolic steroids are synthetic versions of testosterone, a hormone produced by men. They can aid in muscle growth and post-workout recovery. This lets athletes train harder and bounce back faster. This can be really tempting in a sport like CrossFit, where being strong and powerful is super important.

Another reason is the pressure to do well. CrossFit is very competitive, and society has certain ideas about how girls should look. This can create a lot of pressure. Some girl athletes might feel like they need to use steroids to keep up with others or look a certain way.

Steroids can also help athletes have more stamina and feel less tired. This lets them train harder and do more workouts. In a sport known for tough workouts and competitions, this can be a big advantage.

Steroids can provide short-term benefits, but they have risks too. These risks include heart disease, liver damage, and mental health problems. Plus, using steroids isn’t fair and is not allowed in most sports, including CrossFit.

CrossFit Women on Steroids?

Several female CrossFit athletes have tested positive for using steroids. These include:

  • Stella Christoforou: The athlete tested positive for an unspecified substance.
  • Elia Navarro: The Spanish CrossFit athlete tested positive for Oxandrolone, an anabolic steroid.
  • Anna Fragkou: This Greek athlete violated CrossFit’s Drug Testing policy, as evidenced by a test administered at the 2019 CrossFit Games.
  • Danijela Hodges: A master’s athlete in the Women’s 50-54 division, Hodges failed to submit to a drug test when notified and received a four-year sanction starting March 19, 2023.

Instances like these bring attention to the problem of using steroids in competitive sports. This issue extends to community-focused fitness programs such as CrossFit.

The Risks and Consequences of Steroid Use

The use of anabolic steroids carries numerous health risks, both short-term and long-term.

  • Cardiovascular issues: Steroids can increase heart rate, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels, leading to an increased risk of heart disease and stroke.
  • Liver and Kidney Damage: Prolonged steroid use can cause liver damage and even liver failure. The kidneys can also be affected, potentially leading to kidney disease or kidney failure.
  • Musculoskeletal system: In teenagers and adolescents, steroid use can prematurely halt growth by causing bones to mature more quickly than normal. They can also lead to muscle weakness.
  • Psychological Effects: Steroids can cause mood swings, aggression, hallucinations, and other mental health problems. Some people may also develop a psychological dependency on steroids.
  • Reproductive System: In males, steroid use can lead to impotence, reduced sperm production, testicular shrinkage, and breast enlargement. In females, steroids can cause menstrual irregularities, the development of masculine features, and the deepening of the voice.
  • Other Side Effects: Other side effects can include acne, fluid retention, rapid weight gain, increased growth of body hair, and premature balding.

Drug Testing and Regulation in CrossFit

Drug testing in CrossFit is a crucial part of ensuring fair play and athlete health. Here’s how it generally works:

  • Selection for Testing: Athletes can be chosen for drug testing at any time, both in competition (like during the CrossFit Games) and out of competition. Selection can be random or targeted.
  • Sample Collection: Once selected, an athlete will provide a urine or blood sample. This process is supervised to ensure no tampering occurs.
  • Lab Analysis: The samples are then shipped to a laboratory, where they are tested for a wide range of substances that are prohibited by CrossFit’s Drug Testing Policy. These include but are not limited to anabolic agents, hormones and metabolic modulators, diuretics and masking agents, stimulants, and narcotics.
  • Results Management: If a substance is found in the sample, the athlete is informed and given a chance to explain. If the athlete cannot provide a satisfactory explanation (such as a Therapeutic Use Exemption), they may face sanctions.
  • Sanctions: Penalties for violations can range from disqualification from a single event to a lifetime ban from all CrossFit-sanctioned events, depending on the severity of the violation.
  • Public Disclosure: CrossFit also reserves the right to publicly disclose information about the drug test and the athlete’s violation.
Related Post  Can Steroids Cause Constipation & Irritable Bowel Syndrome?

CrossFit aims to maintain a level playing field by implementing and enforcing this drug testing protocol. The sport’s integrity is upheld as well.

The Power of Natural Training

Many successful female CrossFit athletes advocate for clean, natural training. They prove that it’s possible to achieve great results without resorting to performance-enhancing drugs.

  • Annie Thorisdottir: A two-time CrossFit Games champion from Iceland, Thorisdottir is well-known for her commitment to clean training and her advocacy for health and fitness.
  • Katrin Davidsdottir: Another Icelandic athlete and two-time CrossFit Games champion, Davidsdottir also emphasizes the importance of natural training and hard work.
  • Tia-Clair Toomey: The Australian athlete is a multiple-time CrossFit Games champion and an Olympic weightlifter. She is a strong advocate for clean sports.

These athletes, among others, set a positive example for the CrossFit community and beyond. Their success shows that you don’t need steroids or other performance-enhancing drugs to compete at a high level.

Tips and strategies for naturally enhancing performance include:

  • Balanced Diet: A well-rounded, nutritious diet fuels the body for intense workouts and aids in recovery.
  • Regular Training: Consistency is key in CrossFit. Regular training helps improve strength, endurance, and technique.
  • Adequate Rest: Rest days are just as important as training days. They allow the body to recover and build strength.
  • Mental Conditioning: Developing mental toughness can help athletes push through challenging workouts and perform under pressure.
  • Proper Hydration: Staying hydrated is crucial for maintaining energy levels and preventing muscle cramps during workouts.
  • Mobility Work: Regular stretching and mobility work can enhance performance by improving flexibility, preventing injuries, and speeding up recovery.


Using steroids in CrossFit, or any sport, can be really risky and cause problems. It’s not fair to others and can hurt athletes’ health. There have been cases of girl CrossFit athletes who were caught using steroids. These stories remind us of how it can ruin your career and reputation.

Successful CrossFit athletes like Annie Thorisdottir, Katrin Davidsdottir, and Tia-Clair Toomey show us that you can do well without using drugs. They remind us that hard work, sticking with it, and staying healthy are important.

As a group, we need to keep pushing for clean competition and natural growth in athletes. We also need to teach athletes about the dangers of using steroids. We can keep CrossFit honest. We ensure it remains a place for athletes to showcase their abilities and strengths fairly.

Dave Moffat

Hi, I'm Dave Moffat the founder and Chief Editor of and certified International Personal Trainer and Certified Nutritionist. My passion has always been bodybuilding but with 15 years' experience in weight loss programs too, it's hard not to mention all that when you're working at your fitness level fullest (I hope). When Im not in the gym or spending time away from my family i often think about what advice would help others achieve theirs goals just like these inspired mine.