Can Steroids Make You Jump Higher? What Science Says

  • By: Dave Moffat
  • Date: December 7, 2023
Can Steroids Make You Jump Higher

Steroids, like anabolic steroids, are man-made substances similar to testosterone. Testosterone is a hormone found in both boys and girls.

They increase muscle growth and enhance male traits in boys and girls. Sometimes in sports, people use steroids. They believe steroids make them stronger and improve endurance during games.

But, there are a lot of misunderstandings about steroids. People often think they can make you better at specific things – like jumping higher.

While steroids can make your muscles bigger and stronger, whether they can help you jump higher isn’t that simple. A lot of different things can influence this.

In this article, we’re going to try to answer the question: Can steroids make you jump higher?

Scientists have found something interesting. Athletes have used steroids. Let’s explore how steroids affect our ability to jump higher.

Biological Mechanism: How Steroids Could Make You Jump Higher

The way steroids might help you jump higher is mostly tied to how they can make your muscles bigger and stronger. Anabolic steroids mimic testosterone, a hormone that promotes masculine features. It helps boys develop muscles and grow manly characteristics in their bodies.

Steroids can make cells build up proteins faster, especially in your muscles. The process is called anabolism. It can make your muscles bigger and stronger with time.

In theory, bigger and stronger muscles, especially in your legs, can help you push off the ground with more force. This can allow you to jump higher.

But, it’s important to remember that there’s more to jumping than just strength. You also need good technique, timing, and coordination, and steroids can’t directly improve these things.

Steroids can help you recover faster from tough workouts. They do this by reducing muscle damage, which is often forgotten. If you can recover quicker, you might be able to train harder and more often, which could help you jump higher over time.

Using steroids to jump higher may seem tempting, but it’s risky. They can cause side effects that you should be aware of. Scientists are still studying whether steroids can improve jumping height.

Steroids and Athletic Performance

Lots of research has been done to see how anabolic steroids, a type of steroid, might affect how well athletes perform. Anabolic steroids can boost muscle size and strength, as reported by the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. This could potentially enhance athletic performance. But, this study also pointed out that using these steroids can have negative effects.

Sports Medicine conducted another study that found anabolic steroids can enhance muscle size and strength. Other drugs, such as cocaine and sympathomimetic drugs, do not enhance performance. This shows that not all drugs that are supposed to enhance performance actually work.

There’s also been research on how steroids affect female athletes. A study in Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology looked at whether anabolic-androgenic steroids can enhance performance in female athletes. They studied hormone levels and performance in 1332 female athletes, but the search results didn’t say what they found.

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While these studies give us a scientific view, real-life examples can also teach us a lot. Using steroids is often against the rules. This can lead to penalties. It’s hard to get reliable information about athletes who’ve used steroids. Also, it’s difficult to know how it affected their performance. When athletes are caught using steroids, they’re usually punished and their accomplishments are often ignored.

The Science Behind Steroids and Jumping Height

Using steroids to jump higher is based on two factors. Firstly, steroids increase muscle size and strength. Secondly, they aid in faster post-workout recovery.

Anabolic steroids act like testosterone in your body, a hormone that helps muscles grow. Steroids can make cells build up proteins faster, especially in your muscles. This process is called anabolism and can lead to your muscles getting bigger and stronger over time. For jumping, if your leg muscles are stronger, you might be able to push off the ground harder and jump higher.

Steroids can also help your body recover faster after intense exercise. They can reduce muscle damage and inflammation, which could let you recover quicker. This might mean you can train harder and more often, doing exercises that help you jump higher, like plyometric training.

But remember, there’s more to jumping than just strength. You also need good coordination, timing, and technique, and steroids can’t directly improve these things.

Scientists have different opinions about how steroids affect athletic performance.

Steroids can enhance performance by increasing muscle size and strength. Some studies support this claim. Other studies indicate that steroids can have negative side effects. These effects include possible harm to the kidneys and liver, mood disorders, and heart problems. These risks may outweigh any potential benefits.

No study has proven for sure that using steroids can make you jump higher.

Steroids may give the impression of enhancing vertical jump ability. However, this matter is complex and demands further investigation due to multiple contributing factors. Using steroids raises ethical questions and health concerns in sports science. This makes it a controversial topic due to these issues.

Case Studies: Steroids Making You Jump Higher

Lots of research has been done to see how steroids might affect how high people can jump. Here are some important findings:

  1. A study in the Acta Physiologica Scandinavica examined top-level power athletes. These athletes used two types of steroids: androgenic and anabolic steroids. The researchers discovered that athletes who used steroids could generate more force. These athletes also had the ability to jump higher than those who did not use steroids.
  2. Research in the Aging Cell Journal studied the connection between steroid hormones inside muscles and muscle strength in women. This study found that when testosterone levels inside muscle cells increased, the women could jump higher.
  3. A case study from the Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research during a professional rugby competition found that when the ratio of testosterone to cortisol (another hormone) increased, it could improve how much strength was produced during a jump squat.
  4. A study in the Journal of Comparative Physiology B discussed enhancers and constraints. These factors can impact animal movement positively or negatively. This study suggested that using steroids could improve how well animals move.
  5. An article on shared a case where using protein supplements led to bigger increases in muscle size and squat jump height. This shows there might be alternatives to using steroids.
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These studies suggest a possible link between using steroids and jumping higher. However, it’s crucial to remember that the outcomes can vary for each individual. Using steroids can also have risks and side effects. We need more research to fully understand how steroids might affect jumping height.


Using steroids can have a complex impact on athletes’ performance. This is especially true when it comes to their ability to jump higher. Studies indicate that steroids can increase muscle size and strength. Additionally, they may aid athletes in recovering quicker post-workout. This could possibly help athletes jump higher.

However, the extent to which steroids enhance jumping ability remains uncertain. Jumping encompasses more than sheer physical strength, making it difficult to determine.

Some studies suggest that having more testosterone may increase one’s ability to jump higher. This link is potentially influenced by steroids. But these findings can be different for everyone.

Things like how strong an athlete is to start with, what their training routine is like, and their genes can all affect how well steroids work.

Using steroids can have negative side effects. These include potential harm to the kidneys and liver, mood problems, and heart issues. Remember this.

Using substances to enhance performance is usually looked down upon and often punished in professional sports.

Athletes and coaches focus on one main point: steroids. Steroids offer benefits like increased strength and faster recovery. However, they also come with big risks and potential punishments. It’s important to think about these things and focus on safe and fair training practices.

The challenge for sports leaders is to ensure fair competition. They must also prioritize athlete health and well-being. Enforcing rules against using steroids is important. Teaching athletes about the possible risks is necessary. Promoting healthier, safer ways to improve performance is essential.

Dave Moffat

Hi, I'm Dave Moffat the founder and Chief Editor of and certified International Personal Trainer and Certified Nutritionist. My passion has always been bodybuilding but with 15 years' experience in weight loss programs too, it's hard not to mention all that when you're working at your fitness level fullest (I hope). When Im not in the gym or spending time away from my family i often think about what advice would help others achieve theirs goals just like these inspired mine.